"Taylor and scientific management"
Frederick Winslow Taylor was the first to analyze worker motivation in order to advise management on the best ways on how to achieve better worker productivity. His main aim was to reduce the level of inefficiency that existed in US manufacturing industries. He stated that any productivity gains could be shared between business owners & workers.
How to improve productivity? - Taylor's scientific apporachEdit
He made 7 ideas on how to improve productivity per worker;
- Select workers to perform a task
- Observe them performing a task and note the key elements
- Record the time taken to do each part of the task
- Identify the quickest method recorded
- Train all workers in this quickest method and do not allow them to make any changes to it
- Supervise workers to ensure that this “best way” is being carried out and time them to check that the set time is not being exceeded
- Pay workers based on their results - based on the theory of the “economic man" (a person that always think marginally, maximizes his/her economic welfare and achieves economic equilibrium)
Results of Taylor's workEdit
The results of his work here revolutionized the way work was organized in industries. His method of increasing efficiency and productivity was taken greatly by industrial leaders as a way to increase profits. On the other hand, worker’s leaders didn’t greet Taylor’s emphasis greatly as they believed that it would lead to more work, but no pay/benefits. Taylor’s approach was for worker’s to specializing on one task with strict management control over work methods and payments according to output levels. These were the driving force for all mass production.